Water ionization is a process that changes the composition of the mineral compounds in tap water. Pure
water can’t be ionized. To be ionized, water must have some dissolved mineral compounds in it. Tap water has dissolved mineral compounds in it, mostly calcium bicarbonate and magnesium bicarbonate. Those mineral compounds conduct electricity well, and that enables tap water to be ionized. The water ionization process makes two types of water at the same time: Alkaline ionized water, and acidic ionized water. Thus, a water ionizer doesn’t actually ionize water, instead it ionizes the mineral bicarbonates in water.
How water is ionized in nature
Water becomes ionized when you dissolve something in it. For example, if you dissolve salt into water, the sodium atoms in the salt molecules separate slightly from the chloride atoms. Once separated, the sodium atoms remain attracted to the chloride atoms because each of them has an electromagnetic charge: Sodium ions have a positive charge, chloride atoms have a negative charge. Because each of these atoms has a charge, they are ions, Any particle with an electromagnetic charge is an ion. Pure, deionized water is never found in nature because water is a powerful solvent, it readily dissolves minerals in the earth.
Two types of ionized water
A water ionizer makes two types of water at the same time because of the way the ionization process works. During the ionization process, the minerals in the water are separated from the bicarbonates using electromagnetism and a special membrane that allows ions, which are charged particles, to pass through it. The membrane does not allow non-charged particles, such as water molecules, to pass through it.
Once the minerals and the bicarbonates are separated, each of them reacts with water molecules in a process called hydrolysis. The minerals react with water to produce hydroxyl ions. The hydroxyl ion is a potent antioxidant, it’s what gives ionized alkaline water it’s healthful antioxidant potential. The bicarbonate reacts with water to form a weak solution of carbonic acid. The water with the mineral hydroxides in it is alkaline, the water with the carbonic acid in it is acidic. The newly ionized waters are then discharged separately from the machine.
Uses of ionized water
Alkaline ionized water: The alkaline water is drank for health purposes. It’s alkalinity gives it the ability to neutralize some acidity, and its antioxidant potential can neutralize harmful Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and Reactive Nitrogen Species (RNS). Excessive levels of ROS and RNS in the body are linked to premature aging and the development of degenerative diseases. Ionized alkaline water also hydrates better than plain water because it’s alkaline pH makes it easy for cells to absorb it. There are tiny channels in cell walls called aquaporins. These tiny channels can move a billion water molecules per second! They are gated (controlled) by pH. Water with an alkaline pH is allowed to pass through. Water with an acidic pH is blocked. It’s high pH is also helpful for detoxification. Raising the pH in the kidneys increases renal clearance for acidic toxins such as fluoride and mercury. One clinical study showed that alkaline water helped people detoxify from 10 different heavy metals. Research done in Sweden suggests that alkaline water may even protect you from the toxic effects of mercury.
Acidic ionized water: The acidic water is used as a beauty rinse. It’s a miracle rinse if you have long hair. It makes your hair shiny and a lot more manageable. My hair is just over two feet long, and I won’t wash it unless I have an acidic water rinse. Acidic water is also a wonderful rinse for your skin, it acts as a natural astringent, tightening and toning your skin. It is also great for watering plants, since most plants prefer a slightly acidic ph.