Why Alkaline Water is not Micro clustered

Are micro clustered water machines for real? Some brands of water ionizer claim to microcluster water molecules into hexagonal rings of six molecules. That ‘micro clustered’ water is supposed to be more hydrating than plain water, but is it? Yes, the water made by the machine is more hydrating than regular water, but not because the water molecules have been micro clustered. The water made by any alkaline water machine hydrates better because of it’s alkalinity: Alkaline water has the right pH for optimal absorption in the intestines.

In fact, there really is no such thing as micro cluster water. The term micro cluster water is a sales term. People who believe in water micro clustering simply misunderstand a scientific concept called hydrogen bonding.

Hydrogen Bonding – All water molecules cluster and break up

Here’s the facts about water molecule “clusters” according to chemistry: H2O molecules attract each other through the special type of dipole-dipole interaction known as hydrogen bonding:

    • a hydrogen-bonded cluster in which four H2Os are located at the corners of an imaginary tetrahedron is an especially favorable (low-potential energy) configuration, but…

  • the molecules undergo rapid thermal motions on a time scale of picoseconds (trillionths of a  second!), so the lifetime of any specific clustered configuration will be fleetingly brief.

water molecule hydrogen bonding image

Microclustering doesn’t affect the water you drink because clusters like these break up as soon as they form

This means that while water molecules can cluster together, they almost immediately un-cluster. This bonding/un-bonding effect occurs so rapidly that some chemists say you could regard a container of water as one giant cluster – and is not clustered  (for a few picoseconds) But the lifetime of these theoretical clusters is so short that they have never actually been observed!

Water is always changing, self ionizing, creating bonds and then breaking them. Water molecule clusters don’t exist long enough to be a factor in body hydration, since hydration takes some time. Water molecules can bond and un-bond trillions of times per second while your drinking it!

It is because of this, that water molecule clustering is not considered a factor in human hydration. Even if a water ionizer could cause water molecules to cluster together, those molecules would uncluster before the water even left the machine.

Why does alkaline water hydrate better?

Studies have shown that alkaline water hydrates the body better than plain water, and there a couple of reasons why. First, alkaline water from a water ionizer contains alkaline minerals in hydrate form. Hydrate minerals like calcium hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide are known to chemists as osmotics. Substances that increase the rate of absorption of water through osmosis. The second reason is that many cells in the body also absorb water through aquaporins – tiny channels in the cell wall. One of these aquaporins – AQP3 – is found primarily in the intestines. AQP3 is controlled by pH. If water is acidic, AQP3 will block it. When water is alkaline, AQP3 allows water to pass into the cell.

Amazing Biology Fact! Aquaporins can admit as much as a billion water molecules into a cell per second! What is astonishing about that is that water molecules pass through aquaporins in single file!

If water molecules formed in clusters, they would not be able to pass through the aquaporin channels at all. Water molecules pass through aquaporins in single file.

Alkaline water’s benefits: Minerals, not microclustered water

The laws of chemistry and physics make it perfectly clear, microclusters in water don’t exist for a long enough period of time for them to have any impact on your health. The benefits of alkaline water comes from the mineral hydrates in it. The Mineral hydrates it contains makes alkaline water from a water ionizer different than bottled or tap water. Tap water has mineral carbonates in it. If you have hard water, the chalky white residue it leaves are mineral carbonates. Bottled water is usually just filtered tap water, unless it was filtered by reverse osmosis, then it may contain no minerals at all. The only way to get the full benefits of alkaline water is to drink water from a water ionizer.

Drink the healthiest water on Earth. Call us today at 877-959-7977 for special offers that make owning your own water ionizer easier than ever.


Bowen, R. “Aquaporins: Water Channels.” Aquaporins. Colorado State University, 28 Nov 2005. Web. 5 Jul 2013. http://www.vivo.colostate.edu/hbooks/molecules/aquaporins.html


Koznon, David, Yasui Masato, and et al. “Aquaporin water channels: atomic structure molecular dynamics meet clinical medicine.” Journal of Clinical Investigation. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 01 Jun 2002. Web. 5 Jul 2013. <http://www.jci.org/articles/view/15851>.


Zeuthen, Thomas, and Dan Klaerke. “Transport of Water and Glycerol in Aquaporin 3 Is Gated by H .” . The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Web. 5 Jul 2013. <http://www.jbc.org/content/274/31/21631.long>.

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