Ionized water is water with mineral ions in it. Minerals in water become ionized when they either gain or lose electrons. All water in its natural state has minerals in it.
Ionized alkaline water is also known as Electrolyzed Reduced Water because it has been shown in laboratory settings to reduce the effects of oxidation. The ability of ionized alkaline water to reduce oxidative damage is referred to as its Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP).
Ionized acidic water is also known as Electrolyzed Oxidative Water.
Oxidation – Happens when oxygen steals electrons from a substance. Oxidation will damage or destroy a substance; it causes cut apples to turn brown, and metal to rust.
Alkaline ionized water has a negative charge because it has a surplus of electrons, which have a negative charge. Acidic ionized water has a positive charge because it lacks electrons.
Minerals in water become ionized when they gain or lose an electron. Home water ionizers use a process called electrodialysis to ionize the minerals in water. The process makes both alkaline and acidic waters at the same time because it depends on a special membrane - called a Bipolar Exchange Membrane - which separates water into alkaline and acidic ionized water.
In-Vitro Study on ionized water to determine if it can reduce oxidative damage to DNA strands which concludes: “Reduced water suppresses single-strand breakage of DNA by active oxygen species produced by the Cu (II)-catalyzed oxidation of ascorbic acid in a dose- dependent manner: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006291X97966225
In-Vitro means: In glass, such as a test tube. In vitro experiments are done in glass or plastic vessels in a laboratory. In vitro is the opposite of in vivo. This means this study was not done on humans.
Bipolar Membrane Electrodialysis – In-depth explanation of how the Bipolar Ion Exchange membrane used in water Ionizers works: http://doc.utwente.nl/36287/1/t000002b.pdf
Definition of ions: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Ions
Definition of oxidation: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/oxidation
Description of alkaline ionized water (electrolyzed reduced water) and acidic ionized water (electrolyzed oxidative water) and how water ionizers produce both: http://www.3aaa.gr.jp/english/alkali/wa.html