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How a water ionizers ionization process works


Water ionization is a very simple process but certain variables can change the outcome. Here is a brief summary on the ionization process and how your source water, water flow, and amperage settings affect ionization.


There is an abundance of common elements found in source water.

These elements are referred to as TDS (total dissolved solids) and are measured in PPM (parts per million)

These elements are either acidic or alkaline.

For example calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium are common alkaline elements found in your source water.

On the other side of the spectrum are acidic elements such as arsenic, sulfur, chlorine.

In very simplistic terms, the ionizer acts like a magnet pulling acidic elements to one side and alkaline elements to the other side.

The water then exits the ionization chamber in two streams.

One side alkaline water and the other acidic water. The amount of these Alkaline or Acidic elements present in the source water during the ionization process will dictate the range of pH.


The speed of water flowing through the ionizer is measured in LPM (liters per minute).

Maximum flow rate is limited by the amount of water pressure at the source and the number of filters the water passes through before reaching the ionization chamber. This LPM flow gives us a reference on the speed of water passing through ionization chamber.

By decreasing flow rate, the water is spending more time in the ionization chamber resulting in better ionization.

By increasing flow rate, the water spends a shorter amount of time in the ionization chamber resulting in less ionization


As the water passes through the ionization chamber it comes in contact with metal plates.

These plates have either a positive or a negative electrical charge (Example-Our 9 plate unit has 4 positive and 5 negative plates).

These plates do not come in contact with each other so when water flows through the chamber it conducts electricity.

The negative plates attract all the alkaline elements and the positive plates attract all the Acidic elements found in the source water.

A thin membrane divides the positive and negative plates inside the chamber.

It seperates the Alkaline and Acidic water compartments. When power is increased to the plates, it causes more ionization of the elements present during ionization.

Most units have 4 levels of Alkaline. Each level progressively increases power and raises the pH of the water.

The ionizer also has the ability to adjust the amperage of the 4 alkaline settings. This adjustment feature gives you the ability to fine tune each level to a desired pH target.

The only way to make accurate adjustments is with accurate pH measurement. A digital meter will give you accurate info needed.